Is Net Zero Possible for Canada?
NetZero forces a transition to 100% Electricity
The cost to Consumers and Taxpayers will be in the $$$Trillions of dollars, destroying the Canadian Economy!
- Electricity generation must be increased by over 400% of todays levels.
- This includes not only generation sources, but also the infrastructure to support the increase in total capacity.
- Consumers must spend $$Thousands to upgrade homes to replace natural gas and fuel oil as well as replace their reliable ICE vehicles with expensive and less flexible EVs.
- Manufacturers and all Businesses will spend $$Millions to upgrade facilities to use electricity instead of Fossil Fuels.
- Farmers, Ranchers and Agricultural Producers will spend $$Millions to upgrade facilities and equipment to use electricity.
The net result will be increased costs for all goods and services leading to runaway inflation.
The transition from Fossil Fuels to an Electric Energy Economy presents an insurmountable challenge
logistically, technically and economically. It cannot be done.
AGW Propagandists continue to push Wind and Solar as a Viable replacement for Fossil Fuels
Canada has developed almost all viable Hydro Electric Potential. Geothermal is economic in only a few locations and Nuclear is vilified by the same people who attack Fossil Fuels.
- Wind and Solar are totally dependant on the weather and cannot be controlled except by reducing output.
- Wind generation is dependant on wind velocity. Typically requires 3 m/s to start generating only reaching maximum output at greater than 11 m/s.
- Solar generation is dependant not only on the hours of sunlight, but also on cloud cover, angle of the sun above the horizon and time of day.
Wind and Solar are totally uncontrollable and cannot be relied on to produce electricity when and in the amount required to meet demand.
Neither Wind or Solar are "Fit-for-Purpose" to supply the Electrical Grid without support.
When added to the Grid, they are parasites, displacing Fossil Fuels without providing any benefit to either the electricity supply nor the consumer.
- The output from Wind and Solar is highly variable and not dispatchable as it is impossible to control the output.
- It is critical that Supply remains in constant balance with Demand on a millisecond-to-millisecond basis.
- Failure to maintain the balance will result in immediate blackouts or brownouts on the Grid.
- Variation is seen as two distinct classifications
- Rapid oscillations of short duration and relative small changes in output
- On conventional Grids, this type of variation is mitigated by the inertia inherant in the large mass of generators and turbines that can absorb the oscillations without resulting in voltage or frequency going off spec.
- Initially when Wind or Solar are added, sufficient fossil fuel generation remains to mitigate the oscillations induced.
- However, as Wind & Solar capacity increases, there is less fossil fuel generation available to mitigate the oscillations and the Grid becomes unstable. The possibility of blackouts increases proportionally to the percentage of Wind and Solar generation.
- Large changes in output that do not immediately return to previous levels
- On conventional Grids, this type of variation is mitigated by spinning reserve which is the immediately available capacity maintained by all fossil fuel generators. This is often referred to contingency reserve.
- Initially when Wind or Solar are added, sufficient fossil fuel generation remains to serve as back-up to maintain the balance between supply and demand.
- However, as Wind & Solar capacity increases, there is less fossil fuel generation available. The possibility of blackouts increases proportionally to the percentage of Wind and Solar generation.
- It is impossible for Wind and/or Solar to provide 100% of Demand without support of other generators or massive amounts of energy storage.
Adding Wind and/or Solar Capacity Does Not Solve the Problem of Variability
- As more Wind or Solar is added, constraint becomes a serious issue and periods of low generation are not corrected.
- During periods of HIGH generation, more electricity is produced than can be used immediately. This is called constraint and requires wind turbines to be shut down and solar panels to be disconnected.
- Often, producers receive payment for constrained generation which are passed onto the consumer.
- During periods of LOW generation, even though capacity has increased, the actual electricity produced is not sufficient to meet demand and back-up by other generation (usually Fossil Fuel) is still required.
For a NetZero Grid, Vast Amounts of Expensive Storage Capacity are Critical
For Wind and Solar to function on the Grid, it must be made fully and reliably dispatchable.
- The following graph shows real-time wind data with the necessary additional capacity to replace all fossil fuel generation on the Alberta Grid during the period shown.
- Fossil Fuel generation averaged 7700 Mw.
- 19,992 Mw of Wind Turbines must be added to the currently installed 2008 Mw for a total of 21,000 Mw.
- 12,400 Mw/ 2,807,000 Mwh of storage must be added to the system for both synthetic inertia and to supply the Grid during periods of low generation.
- Initial cost of the storage would be at least $1,263,200,000, not including ongoing operations and maintenance costs.
and how it affects the consumer cost of electricity.